Extraction is the painless removal of tooth from its socket. It is the last resort of treatment when the tooth becomes totally unrestorable. Extraction is indicated in cases of severely damaged tooth, retained deciduous teeth, infected root stumps, mobile tooth, teeth in the line of fracture and for orthodontic treatment in some cases where space is required. Local anesthesia injection is given to eliminate painful sensations. There are two types of extraction.
1. Simple Extraction
This procedure is on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. For a simple extraction, the dentist loosens the tooth with an elevator. Then forceps is used to remove the tooth.
2. Surgical Extraction
It is a complex procedure which requires incision into the gums to surgically remove the broken tooth or impacted wisdom tooth.